Exhibit C.

Death by Government in the 20th Century

Regimes Years Total
U.S.S.R. 1917-87

61,912,000

China (Communist) 1949-87

35,236,000

Germany 1933-45

20,946,000

China (Nationalist) 1928-49

10,075,000

Japan 1936-45

5,964,000

China (Mao Soviets) 1923-49

3,466,000

Cambodia 1975-79

2,035,000

Turkey 1909-18

1,883,000

Vietnam 1945-87

1,670,000

North Korea 1948-87

1,663,000

Poland 1945-48

1,585,000

Pakistan 1958-87

1,503,000

Mexico 1900-20

1,417,000

Yugoslavia 1944-87

1,072,000

Russia 1900-17

1,066,000

Total Megamurders 1900-87

151,493,000

Lesser Murders 1900-87

17,707,000

World Total 1900-87

169,200,000

Since 1987 (estimated) 1988-95

800,000

Total Genocides/Democides 1900-95

170,000,000

War Dead in this Century 1900-95

38,000,000

Total Killed by Government 1900-95

208,000,000

Democide: The intentional killing of unarmed or disarmed persons by government agents acting in their authoritative capacity and pursuant to government policy or high command.

Genocide: The intentional destruction of people because of their race, religion, ethnicity or other permanent group membership.

Source: Death by Government (1994) by R.J. Rummel

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